Higher-Than-Ballistic Conduction of Viscous Electron Flows (MIT & Weizmann)


Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot  Israel Haoyu Guo, Ekin Ilseven, Gregory Falkovich, Leonid Levitov "A new finding by physicists at MIT and in Israel shows that under certain specialized conditions, electrons can speed through a narrow opening in a piece of metal more easily than traditional theory says is possible. This “superball... » read more

Even good bots fight: The case of Wikipedia (Oxford & Alan Turing Institute)


Source: University Of Oxford published via PLOS ONE, Milena Tsvetkova, Ruth García-Gavilanes, Luciano Floridi, Taha Yasseri "The research paper, published in PLOS ONE, concludes that bots are more like humans than you might expect as they appear to behave differently in culturally distinct online environments. The paper says the findings are a warning to those using artificial intelligence ... » read more

Pattern Classification in a Mixed-Signal Circuit Based on Embedded 180-nm Floating-Gate Memory Cell Arrays


Source: Cornell University Library. F. Merrikh Bayat, X. Guo, M. Klachko, M. Prezioso, K. K. Likharev, D. B. Strukov (Submitted on 6 Oct 2016 (v1), last revised 10 Oct 2016 (this version, v2)) "We have designed, fabricated, and successfully tested a prototype mixed-signal, 28x28-binary-input, 10-output, 3-layer neuromorphic network ("MLP perceptron"). It is based on embedded nonvolatile flo... » read more

Wearable AI System Can Detect A Conversation Tone (MIT)


Source: Researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and Institute of Medical Engineering and Science (IMES); Tuka AlHanai and Mohammad Mahdi Ghassemi "It’s a fact of nature that a single conversation can be interpreted in very different ways. For people with anxiety or conditions such as Asperger’s, this can make social situations extremel... » read more

Microbiologists Make Big Leap in Developing ‘Green’ Electronics


Source: UMass Amherst Yang Tan,Ramesh Y. Adhikari, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Joy E. Ward, Trevor L. Woodard, Kelly P. Nevin, Derek R. Lovley Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts—Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USAa Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts—Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA "Expressing the Geobacter metallireducens PilA in Geobacter sulfurr... » read more

Coherence Times Of Bose-Einstein Condensates Beyond The Shot-Noise Limit Via Superfluid Shielding


Source: Cornell University Library 10/26/16 "We demonstrate a new way to extend the coherence time of separated Bose-Einstein condensates that involves immersion into a superfluid bath. When both the system and the bath have similar scattering lengths, immersion in a superfluid bath cancels out inhomogeneous potentials either imposed by external fields or inherent in density fluctuations due... » read more

FDA: Postmarket Management of Cybersecurity in Medical Devices


Source: U.S. Food & Drug Administration, Center for Devices & Radiological Health dated 12/28/16 "The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing this guidance to inform industry and FDA staff of the Agency’s recommendations for managing postmarket cybersecurity vulnerabilities for marketed and distributed medical devices. In addition to the specific recommendations contained in this gui... » read more

Strategic Principles For Securing The Internet Of Things (IoT)


Source: U.S. Department Of Homeland Security. Version 1.0 Dated: 11/15/16 "The growth of network-connected devices, systems, and services comprising the Internet of Things (IoT) creates immense opportunities and benefits for our society. IoT security, however, has not kept up with the rapid pace of innovation and deployment, creating substantial safety and economic risks. This document expla... » read more

Design and Analysis of Soft-Error ResilienceMechanisms for GPU Register File


Modern graphics processing units (GPUs) are using increasingly larger register file (RF) which occupies a large fraction of GPU core area and is very frequently accessed. This makes RF vulnerable to soft-errors (SE). In this paper, we present two techniques for improving SE resilience of GPU RF. First, we propose compressing the RF values for reducing the number of vulnerable bits. We leverage... » read more

Addressing Read-Disturbance Issue In STT-RAM By Data Compression And Selective Duplication


In deep sub-micron region, STT-RAM (spin transfer torque RAM) shows read-disturbance error (RDE) which presents acrucial reliability challenge. We present SHIELD, a technique to mitigate RDE in STT-RAM LLCs (last level caches). SHIELD uses datacompression to reduce cache-write traffic and restore requirement. Also, SHIELD keeps two copies of data blocks compressed to lessthan half the block si... » read more

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