Transistor-Level Verification Returns


A few decades ago, all designers did transistor-level verification, but they were quite happy to say goodbye to it when standard cells provided isolation at the gate-level and libraries provided all of the detailed information required, such as timing. A few dedicated people continued to use the technology to provide those models and libraries and the most aggressive designs that wanted to stri... » read more

The End Of Silicon?


As transistors shrink, not all device parameters scale at the same rate—and therein lies a potentially huge problem. In recent years, manufacturers have been able to reduce equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) more quickly than operating voltage. As a result, the electric field present in the channel and gate dielectric has been increasing. Moreover, EOT reduction is achieved in part by reduci... » read more

Aging: Not Always A Bad Thing


By Ann Steffora Mutschler When IC devices are produced and shipped to end customers, it is important that they will function as specified in the application environment. Determining how a device will operate over time is a key aspect of overall reliability and is commonly referred to as ‘aging.’ Aging of electronics is not a new problem. In fact, analog and automotive designers have bee... » read more