Manufacturing Bits: Aug. 2

CMP replacement? For years, chipmakers have used chemical-mechanical-polishing (CMP) tools to smooth or polish the surface of a wafer. CMP works, but the technology is time-consuming and expensive. CMP can also leave unwanted residual patterns and defects near the surface. In response, Russia’s National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) has help... » read more

Manufacturing Bits: July 12

Detecting zeptojoules Aalto University has broken the world’s record for microwave detection. Specifically, researchers detected zeptojoule microwave pulses using a superconducting microwave detector, based on proximity-induced Josephson junctions. This broke the record by fourteenfold, according to researchers. Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation. They have frequencies... » read more

Manufacturing Bits: Sept. 8

World’s pressure record The University of Bayreuth and the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) have set another world’s record for the highest static pressure ever achieved in a lab. Researchers were able to demonstrate metal osmium at pressures of up to 770 Gigapascals (GPa). Osmium is one of the world’s most incompressible metals. The 770 GPa figure is about 130 GPa higher than ... » read more