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Analysis Of BEOL Metal Schemes By Process Modeling

The semiconductor industry has been diligently searching for alternative metal line materials to replace the conventional copper dual damascene scheme, because as interconnect dimensions shrink, the barrier accounts for an increasing fraction of the total line volume. The barrier layer's dimensions cannot be scaled down as quickly as the metal line width (figure 1). Popular barrier materials su... » read more

Process Window Optimization Of DRAM By Virtual Fabrication

New integration and patterning schemes used in 3D memory and logic devices have created manufacturing and yield challenges. Industrial focus has shifted from the scaling of predictable unit processes in 2D structures to the more challenging full integration of complex 3D structures. Conventional 2D layout DRC, offline wafer metrology, and offline electrical measurements are no longer sufficient... » read more