5G Driving New Automotive Applications


5G’s increased throughput, reliability, availability, and lower latency will enable new safety-sensitive applications which are holistically known as V2X or Vehicle-to-Everything. 5G Cellular V2X (C-V2X) provides a common wireless network to support convergence of multiple applications for urban, suburban, and highway driving conditions. 5G C-V2X will enable multiple new automotive applicatio... » read more

Security’s Very Strange Path To Success


Security at the chip level appears to be heading toward a more promising future. The reason is simple—more people are willing to pay for security than in the past. For the most part, security is like insurance. You don't know it's working until something goes wrong, and you don't necessarily even know right away if there has been a breach. Sometimes it takes years to show up, because it ca... » read more

Understanding The Importance Of Silicon Security


Vulnerabilities like Meltdown, Spectre and Foreshadow are understandably considered quite serious by the semiconductor industry. This is because they can be exploited by a determined attacker to access sensitive data that should be securely locked down but isn’t. We can think about a cloud-based server running multiple applications that process and store sensitive data. Vulnerabilities lik... » read more

TOPS, Memory, Throughput And Inference Efficiency


Dozens of companies have or are developing IP and chips for Neural Network Inference. Almost every AI company gives TOPS but little other information. What is TOPS? It means Trillions or Tera Operations per Second. It is primarily a measure of the maximum achievable throughput but not a measure of actual throughput. Most operations are MACs (multiply/accumulates), so TOPS = (number of MAC... » read more

How To Solve Automotive Electrical Design Challenges To Get To Market Faster


By Dan Scott and Ulrike Hoff The never-ending development of new technologies in the automotive industry has led to the Content Dilemma, the conflict between the technology content that vehicle manufacturers try to integrate into their vehicles, and the weight, cost and packaging space required for wiring harnesses. Current technology trends driving the Content Dilemma include electrificatio... » read more

Algorithms And Security


From a security standpoint, the best thing AI has going for it is that it's in a state of perpetual change. That also may be the worst thing. The problem, at least for now, is that no one knows for sure. What’s clear is that security is not a primary concern when it comes to designing and building AI systems. In many cases it’s not even an action item because architectures are constantly... » read more

Artificial Intelligence: Let Us Get The Math Right First!


Artificial intelligence is a hot topic these days and therefore doesn’t require a repeat of the current and future potential uses for AI. For most people, it means technology advancements on the software side. But if you ask people who are very close to this technology domain, building your own optimized hardware chips is where a significant part of the competitive edge lies. A few days ba... » read more

Do Large Batches Always Improve Neural Network Throughput?


Common benchmarks like ResNet-50 generally have much higher throughput with large batch sizes than with batch size =1. For example, the Nvidia Tesla T4 has 4x the throughput at batch=32 than when it is processing in batch=1 mode. Of course, larger batch sizes have a tradeoff: latency increases which may be undesirable in real-time applications. Why do larger batches increase throughput... » read more

Designing In The Cloud


Amazon AWS was launched back in 2006. Web based services such as Netflix and Expedia were early adopters, and AWS has grown rapidly, bringing in competition from Google (GCP), Microsoft (Azure) and others. It has taken a while for the design community to embrace the ‘cloud’ as some of the needs and concerns of design teams are different.  Cloud vendors have recognized this untapped market ... » read more

In Automotive, A Move From Microcontrollers To Massively Complex SoCs


Cars and custom, high-end chips. It’s a topic coming up more frequently these days. The most prominent example is Tesla’s FSD computer, described by Elon Musk as “the best chip in the world…objectively” during the company’s April Autonomy Day. When it comes to chips, Tesla is alone only when it comes to hyperbole, at least based on browsing job postings for big carmakers and supplie... » read more

← Older posts