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A crossbar array of magnetoresistive memory devices for in-memory computing


Samsung has demonstrated the world’s first in-memory computing technology based on MRAM. Samsung has a paper on the subject in Nature. This paper showcases Samsung’s effort to merge memory and system semiconductors for next-generation artificial intelligence (AI) chips. Abstract "Implementations of artificial neural networks that borrow analogue techniques could potentially offer low-po... » read more

Energy-efficient Non Uniform Last Level Caches for Chip-multiprocessors Based on Compression


Abstract "With technology scaling, the size of cache systems in chip-multiprocessors (CMPs) has been dramatically increased to efficiently store and manipulate a large amount of data in future applications and decrease the gap between cores and off-chip memory accesses. For future CMPs architecting, 3D stacking of LLCs has been recently introduced as a new methodology to combat to performance ... » read more

Adaptive Scheduling for Time-Triggered Network-on-Chip-Based Multi-Core Architecture Using Genetic Algorithm


Abstract "Adaptation in time-triggered systems can be motivated by energy efficiency, fault recovery, and changing environmental conditions. Adaptation in time-triggered systems is achieved by preserving temporal predictability through metascheduling techniques. Nevertheless, utilising existing metascheduling schemes for time-triggered network-on-chip architectures poses design time computatio... » read more

Design of strongly nonlinear graphene nanoelectromechanical systems in quantum regime


ABSTRACT "We report on the analysis and design of atomically thin graphene resonant nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) that can be engineered to exhibit anharmonicity in the quantum regime. Analysis of graphene two-dimensional (2D) NEMS resonators suggests that with device lateral size scaled down to ∼10–30 nm, restoring force due to the third-order (Duffing) stiffness in graphene NE... » read more

An Event-Driven and Fully Synthesizable Architecture for Spiking Neural Networks


Abstract:  "The development of brain-inspired neuromorphic computing architectures as a paradigm for Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the edge is a candidate solution that can meet strict energy and cost reduction constraints in the Internet of Things (IoT) application areas. Toward this goal, we present μBrain: the first digital yet fully event-driven without clock architecture, with co-lo... » read more

Factoring 2048-bit RSA Integers in 177 Days with 13 436 Qubits and a Multimode Memory


Abstract: "We analyze the performance of a quantum computer architecture combining a small processor and a storage unit. By focusing on integer factorization, we show a reduction by several orders of magnitude of the number of processing qubits compared with a standard architecture using a planar grid of qubits with nearest-neighbor connectivity. This is achieved by taking advantage of a tem... » read more

QUAC-TRNG: High-Throughput True Random Number Generation Using Quadruple Row Activation in Commodity DRAM Chips


Abstract "True random number generators (TRNG) sample random physical processes to create large amounts of random numbers for various use cases, including security-critical cryptographic primitives, scientific simulations, machine learning applications, and even recreational entertainment. Unfortunately, not every computing system is equipped with dedicated TRNG hardware, limiting the applic... » read more

An FPGA-Based ECU for Remote Reconfiguration in Automotive Systems


Abstract: "Growing interest in intelligent vehicles is leading automotive systems to include numerous electronic control units (ECUs) inside. As a result, efficient implementation and management of automotive systems is gaining importance. Flexible updating and reconfiguration of ECUs is one appropriate strategy for these goals. Software updates to the ECUs are expected to improve performance ... » read more

Uncovering In-DRAM RowHammer Protection Mechanisms: A New Methodology, Custom RowHammer Patterns, and Implications


Abstract: "The RowHammer vulnerability in DRAM is a critical threat to system security. To protect against RowHammer, vendors commit to security-through-obscurity: modern DRAM chips rely on undocumented, proprietary, on-die mitigations, commonly known as Target Row Refresh (TRR). At a high level, TRR detects and refreshes potential RowHammer-victim rows, but its exact are not openly disclose... » read more

Improving DRAM Performance, Security, and Reliability by Understanding and Exploiting DRAM Timing Parameter Margins


Abstract: "Characterization of real DRAM devices has enabled findings in DRAM device properties, which has led to proposals that significantly improve overall system performance by reducing DRAM access latency and power consumption. In addition to improving system performance, a deeper understanding of DRAM technology via characterization can also improve device reliability and security. The... » read more

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