A Study Of The Impact Of Line Edge Roughness On Metal Line Resistance Using Virtual Fabrication

BEOL metal line RC delay has become a dominant factor limiting chip operation speeds at advanced nodes. This is because smaller metal line pitches require narrower line CD and line-to-line spacing, which introduces higher metal line resistance and line-to-line capacitance. A surface scattering effect is the root cause for the exponentially increased metal resistivity at smaller metal line pitch... » read more