Author's Latest Posts


Defect Evolution In Next Generation, Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography


Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography is a promising next generation lithography technology that may succeed optical lithography at future technology nodes. EUV mask infrastructure and manufacturing of defect-free EUV mask blanks is a key near term challenge in the use of EUV lithography. Virtual fabrication is a computerized technique to perform predictive, three dimensional modeling of sem... » read more

Speeding Up Process Optimization Using Virtual Fabrication


Author: Joseph Ervin Director, Semiconductor Process and Integration Lam Research Advanced CMOS scaling and new memory technologies have introduced increasingly complex structures into the device manufacturing process. For example, the increase in NAND memory layers has achieved greater vertical NAND scaling and higher memory density, but has led to challenges in high aspect ratio etch patte... » read more

N7 FinFET Self-Aligned Quadruple Patterning Modeling


In this paper, we model fin pitch walk based on a process flow simulation using the Coventor SEMulator3D virtual platform. A taper angle of the fin core is introduced into the model to provide good agreement with silicon data. The impact on various Self-Aligned Quadruple Patterning process steps is assessed. Etch sensitivity to pattern density is reproduced in the model and provides insight on ... » read more

A Benchmark Study Of Complementary-Field Effect Transistor (CFET) Process Integration Options


Sub-5 nm logic nodes will require an extremely high level of innovation to overcome the inherent real-estate limitations at this increased device density. One approach to increasing device density is to look at the vertical device dimension (z-direction), and stack devices on top of each other instead of conventionally side-by-side. [1] The fabrication of a Complementary-Field Effect Transistor... » read more

Advances In 3D CMOS Image Sensors Optical Modeling: Combining Realistic Morphologies With FDTD


This paper describes an innovative methodology to investigate the relationship between device morphology and the optical performance of CMOS image sensors. By coupling a FDTD-based 3D Maxwell solver with silicon-accurate process modeling software, we have been able to analyze the sensitivity of image sensor quantum efficiency with respect to statistical variations in nm-scale device topology. A... » read more

Influence Of SiGe On Parasitic Parameters in PMOS


In this paper, simulation-based design-technology co-optimization (DTCO) is carried out using the Coventor SEMulator3D virtual fabrication platform with its integrated electrical analysis capabilities [1]. In our study, process modeling is used to predict the sensitivity of FinFET device performance to changes in a silicon germanium epitaxial process. The simulated process is a gate-last flow p... » read more

Effects Of A Random Process Variation On The Transfer Characteristics Of A Fundamental Photonic Integrated Circuit Component


Silicon photonics is rapidly emerging as a promising technology to enable higher bandwidth, lower energy, and lower latency communication and information processing, and other applications. In silicon photonics, existing CMOS manufacturing infrastructure and techniques are leveraged. However, a key challenge for silicon photonics is the lack of mature models that take into account known CMOS pr... » read more

Backside Power Delivery as a Scaling Knob for Future Systems


Standard cell track height scaling provides us with sufficient area scaling at the standard cell library level. The efficiency of this technique and the complexities involved with this scaling method have been discussed in detail. However, the area benefits of standard cell track height scaling diminish when we consider the complexities of incorporating on-chip power grid into the DTCO explorat... » read more

Process Modeling Exploration for 8 nm Half-Pitch Interconnects


In this paper, we simulate eSADP, eSAQP and iSAOP patterning options to enable fabrication of 8 nm Half-Pitch (HP) interconnects. We investigate the impact of process variations and patterning sensitivities on pitch walking and resistance performance. The overall yield is also calculated for eight line CDs as well as M2-via-M1 via segment resistance and compared for all options. Process sensiti... » read more

New Advancements in Using Statistical Models as Part of a Standard MEMS Design Flow


This paper presents the benefits of using statistical models during MEMS design, through the virtual reproduction of a test structure for measuring a beam’s pull-in voltage. This electrical measurement is used as a functional indicator of the process quality for manufactured wafers. Statistical variations of process parameters (material properties, silicon thickness, sidewall angle and edge s... » read more

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