Transformer Model Based Clustering Methodology For Standard Cell Layout Automation (Nvidia)


A new technical paper titled “Novel Transformer Model Based Clustering Method for Standard Cell Design Automation” was published by researchers at Nvidia.

“Standard cells are essential components of modern digital circuit designs. With process technologies advancing beyond 5nm, more routability issues have arisen due to the decreasing number of routing tracks (RTs), increasing number and complexity of design rules, and strict patterning rules. The standard cell design automation framework is able to automatically design standard cell layouts, but it is struggling to resolve the severe routability issues in advanced nodes. As a result, a better and more efficient standard cell design automation method that can not only resolve the routability issue but also scale to hundreds of transistors to shorten the development time of standard cell libraries is highly needed and essential.

High quality device clustering with the considerations of routability in the layouts of different technology nodes can reduce the complexity and assist finding the routable layouts faster. In this paper, we develop a novel transformer model-based clustering methodology – training the model using LVS/DRC clean cell layouts and leveraging the personalized page rank vectors to cluster the devices with the attentions to netlist graph and learned embeddings from the actual LVS/DRC clean layouts. On a benchmark of 94 complex and hard-to-route standard cells, the proposed method not only generates 15% more LVS/DRC clean layouts, but also achieves average 12.7× faster than previous work. The proposed method can generate 100% LVS/DRC clean cell layouts over 1000 standard cells and achieve 14.5% smaller cell width than an industrial standard cell library.”

Find the technical paper here. Published March 2024.

Chia-Tung Ho, Ajay Chandna, David Guan, Alvin Ho, Minsoo Kim, Yaguang Li, and Haoxing Ren. 2024. Novel Transformer Model Based Clustering Method for Standard Cell Design Automation. In Proceedings of the 2024 International Symposium on Physical Design (ISPD ’24). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 195–203. https://doi.org/10.1145/3626184.3633314

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