Open-Source Hardware Momentum Builds


Open-source hardware continues to gain ground, spearheaded by RISC-V — despite the fact that this processor technology is neither free nor simple to use. Nevertheless, the open-source hardware movement has established a solid foothold after multiple prior forays that yielded only limited success, even for processors. With demand for more customized hardware, and a growing field of startups... » read more

Tracking Automotive’s Rapidly Shifting Ecosystem


The automotive ecosystem is becoming much harder to navigate as automakers, Tier 1s and IP vendors redefine their relationships based upon shifting value caused by an rapidly expanding amount of increasingly interdependent and complex electronic content. Predictions of massive change started almost a decade ago with a number of pilot programs around autonomous vehicles. But those shifts real... » read more

Optimizing Power And Performance For Machine Learning At The Edge


While machine learning (ML) algorithms are popular for running on enterprise Cloud systems for training neural networks, AI/ML chipsets for edge devices are growing at a triple digit rate, according to Tractica “Deep Learning Chipsets” (Figure 1). Edge devices include automobiles, drones, and mobile devices that are all employing AI/ML to provide valuable functionality. Figure 1: Marke... » read more

Implementing Low-Power Machine Learning In Smart IoT Applications


By Pieter van der Wolf and Dmitry Zakharov Increasingly, machine learning (ML) is being used to build devices with advanced functionalities. These devices apply machine learning technology that has been trained to recognize certain complex patterns from data captured by one or more sensors, such as voice commands captured by a microphone, and then performs an appropriate action. For example,... » read more

AI Inference Memory System Tradeoffs


When companies describe their AI inference chip they typically give TOPS but don’t talk about their memory system, which is equally important. What is TOPS? It means Trillions or Tera Operations per Second. It is primarily a measure of the maximum achievable throughput but not a measure of actual throughput. Most operations are MACs (multiply/accumulates), so TOPS = (number of MAC units) x... » read more

Building An Efficient Inferencing Engine In A Car


David Fritz, who heads corporate strategic alliances at Mentor, a Siemens Business, talks about how to speed up inferencing by taking the input from sensors and quickly classifying the output, but also doing that with low power. » read more

Power/Performance Bits: April 16


Faster CNN training Researchers at North Carolina State University developed a technique that reduces training time for deep learning networks by more than 60% without sacrificing accuracy. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) divide images into blocks, which are then run through a series of computational filters. In training, this needs to be repeated for the thousands to millions of images... » read more

Combining SLAM And CNN For High-Performance Augmented Reality


Robotics and headsets or goggles are the most common hardware devices requiring AR/VR/mixed reality, and AR is coming to mobile phones, tablets, and automobiles as well. For hardware devices to see the world around them and add to that reality with inserted graphics or images, they need to determine their position in space and map the surrounding environment. Simultaneous localization and ma... » read more

The Automation Of AI


Semiconductor Engineering sat down to discuss the role that EDA has in automating artificial intelligence and machine learning with Doug Letcher, president and CEO of Metrics; Daniel Hansson, CEO of Verifyter; Harry Foster, chief scientist verification for Mentor, a Siemens Business; Larry Melling, product management director for Cadence; Manish Pandey, Synopsys fellow; and Raik Brinkmann, CEO ... » read more

The Winograd Transformation


Cheng Wang, senior vice president of engineering at Flex Logix, explains how the Winograd Transformation applies to convolutional neural networks. https://youtu.be/E7QJUby9x-I » read more

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