End-To-End System Architecture For Quantum RAM (Yale, AWS, Caltech)


A technical paper titled “Systems Architecture for Quantum Random Access Memory” was published by researchers at Yale University, AWS Center for Quantum Computing, and California Institute of Technology.


“Operating on the principles of quantum mechanics, quantum algorithms hold the promise for solving problems that are beyond the reach of the best-available classical algorithms. An integral part of realizing such speedup is the implementation of quantum queries, which read data into forms that quantum computers can process. Quantum random access memory (QRAM) is a promising architecture for realizing quantum queries. However, implementing QRAM in practice poses significant challenges, including query latency, memory capacity and fault-tolerance.
In this paper, we propose the first end-to-end system architecture for QRAM. First, we introduce a novel QRAM that hybridizes two existing implementations and achieves asymptotically superior scaling in space (qubit number) and time (circuit depth). Like in classical virtual memory, our construction enables queries to a virtual address space larger than what is actually available in hardware. Second, we present a compilation framework to synthesize, map, and schedule QRAM circuits on realistic hardware. For the first time, we demonstrate how to embed large-scale QRAM on a 2D Euclidean space, such as a grid layout, with minimal routing overhead. Third, we show how to leverage the intrinsic biased-noise resilience of the proposed QRAM for implementation on either Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) or Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computing (FTQC) hardware. Finally, we validate these results numerically via both classical simulation and quantum hardware experimentation. Our novel Feynman-path-based simulator allows for efficient simulation of noisy QRAM circuits at a larger scale than previously possible. Collectively, our results outline the set of software and hardware controls needed to implement practical QRAM.”

Find the technical paper here. Published: June 2023 (preprint).

Xu, Shifan, Connor T. Hann, Ben Foxman, Steven M. Girvin, and Yongshan Ding. “Systems Architecture for Quantum Random Access Memory.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2306.03242 (2023).

Related Reading

Quantum Computing Knowledge Center
Post-Quantum And Pre-Quantum Security Issues Grow
Experts say governments and businesses are starting to prepare for encryption in a post-quantum world.

Leave a Reply

(Note: This name will be displayed publicly)