Building Your First Chip For Artificial Intelligence? Read This First


As artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities enter new markets, the IP selected for integration provides the critical components of the AI SoC. But beyond the IP, designers are finding a clear advantage in leveraging AI expertise, services, and tools to ensure the design is delivered on time, with a high level of quality and value to the end customer for new and innovative applications. Over... » read more

The Rising Importance Of Design Planning


Design Planning is often overlooked in the chip design flow. The front-end designer carefully architects the design functionality to produce golden RTL. This is then poured into the synthesis engine to produce logic gates. The synthesized netlist is then thrown over the wall by the front-end designer for physical implementation. The back-end designer receives a gate-level netlist, timing con... » read more

Exascale Emulation Debug Challenges


For years, semiconductor industry surveys have shown that functional verification is the dominant phase in chip development and that debug is the most time-consuming task for verification. The problem is getting worse in today’s era of exascale debug, in which software applications drive tests of more than a billion cycles run in emulation on designs of more than a billion gates. System-on-ch... » read more

The Importance Of Using The Right DDR SDRAM Memory


Selecting the right memory technology is often the most critical decision for achieving the optimal system performance. Designers continue to add more cores and functionality to their SoCs; however, increasing performance while keeping power consumption low and silicon footprint small remains a vital goal. DDR SDRAMs, DRAMs in short, meet these memory requirements by offering a dense, high-perf... » read more

Getting Ready for 32 GT/s PCIe 5.0 Designs


The transition from older PCI Express (PCIe) technologies to the latest Revision 5.0 is on an accelerated path, with system-on-chip (SoC) designers seeing a much faster roll out than they did with PCIe 4.0. The recent release of version 0.9 of the PCIe 5.0 Base Specification locks in the functional changes to the specification, allowing designers to confidently start their designs. With the rap... » read more

Efficient Hierarchical Verification For Low Power Designs


By Susantha Wijesekara and Himanshu Bhatt Growing design sizes, low power (LP) complexity and the need for early stage verification is making designers adopt hierarchical verification flows. Traditionally for hierarchical verification, designers use a black box, liberty model based hierarchical flow, timing model (ETM) flow or stub/glass box flows that offer various degrees of trade-offs for... » read more

Efficient Low Power Verification & Debug Methodology Using Power-Aware Simulation


By Himanshu Bhatt and Shreedhar Ramachandra Isolation, retention, and power switches are some of the important functionalities of power-aware designs that use some of the common low power techniques (e.g.) power shutoff, multi-voltage and advanced techniques (e.g.) DVFS, Low VDD standby, and biasing. The strategies for isolation, retention, and level shifter are specified in the power forma... » read more

Next-Generation Ethernet Interconnects For 400G Hyperscale Data Centers


The need for higher bandwidth with efficient connectivity increases as hyperscale data centers transition to faster, flatter, and more scalable network architectures, such as the 2-tier leaf-spine, as seen in Figure 1. The leaf-spine architecture requires massive interconnects as each leaf switch fans-out to every spine switch, maximizing connectivity between servers. Hardware accelerators, art... » read more

Overcoming Low Power Verification Challenges For Mixed-Signal SoC Designs


With increasing SoC complexity and advanced power-aware architectures, a robust low power verification methodology is important for signing off the design at different stages from RTL through netlist. For mixed-signal SoCs, the challenge is, there is no well-defined low power methodology, nor are the industry’s low power verification tools equipped to handle custom designs. This article propo... » read more

Is Your AI SoC Secure?


As artificial intelligence (AI) enters every application, from IoT to automotive, it is bringing new waves of innovation and business models, along with the need for high-grade security. Hackers try to exploit vulnerabilities at all levels of the system, from the system-on-chip (SoC) up. Therefore, security needs to be integral in the AI process. The protection of AI systems, their data, and th... » read more

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