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Solution Processable Pentafluorophenyl EndCapped Dithienothiophene Organic Semiconductors for Hole Transporting Organic Field Effect Transistors

Two solution-processable organic semiconductors, DFPT-DTTR (1) and DFPbT-DTTR (2), composed of pentafluorophenyl (FP) end-capped 3,5-dialkyl dithienothiophene (DTTR) core with thiophene (T) or bithiophene (bT) as π-bridged spacers are developed and investigated for their optical, electrochemical, microstructural, and electrical properties

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Abstract:
“Two solution‐processable organic semiconductors, DFPT‐DTTR (1) and DFPbT‐DTTR (2), composed of pentafluorophenyl (FP) end‐capped 3,5‐dialkyl dithienothiophene (DTTR) core with thiophene (T) or bithiophene (bT) as π‐bridged spacers are developed and investigated for their optical, electrochemical, microstructural, and electrical properties. With more conjugated bithiophene units, compound 2 exhibits a red‐shifted UV–vis absorption band and upshifted HOMO/downshifted LUMO energy levels. According to the density functional theory, compound 2 features a more twisted molecular structure due to the intrinsic non‐coplanar blocks in the π‐backbones. Compound 1‐based organic field effect transistors exhibit efficient hole transport with mobility up to 0.48 cm2 V−1 s−1. This is one of the high mobility organic semiconductors exhibiting p‐channel characteristics based on solution‐processable small molecular FP end‐capped fused/oligothiophenes. With large and interconnected crystalline morphologies, decreased π–π stacking distance, and less steric hindrance, compound 1 exhibits two orders of magnitude higher mobility than the more distorted 2, which exhibits lower hole mobility of 1.82 × 10−3 cm2 V−1 s−1. Solution‐processable organic semiconductors, composed of pentafluorophenyl end‐capped 3,5‐dialkyl dithienothiophene (DTTR) core with thiophene and bithiophene as π‐bridged spacer at each sides, are designed for organic field effect transistors application.”

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Arulmozhi Velusamy, Yung‐Chi Yang, Chia‐Chi Lin, et al. Published 11-2021



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