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Research Bits: April 5


Creating qubits in bulk Researchers from Intel and QuTech, an institute of the Delft University of Technology and the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), built a qubit using standard semiconductor manufacturing facilities. The qubit is based on the spin of single electrons that are captured in a silicon nanoscale device, which resembles conventional transistors. ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Jan. 3


Optical device integration Researchers from the University of Strathclyde, University of Glasgow, and the Australian National University propose a way to place multiple micron-scale optical devices made from different materials close together on a single silicon chip. “The development of electronics that are based on silicon transistors has enabled increasingly more powerful and flexible ... » read more

Motional narrowing, ballistic transport, and trapping of room-temperature exciton polaritons in an atomically-thin semiconductor


Abstract "Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide crystals (TMDCs) hold great promise for semiconductor optoelectronics because their bound electron-hole pairs (excitons) are stable at room temperature and interact strongly with light. When TMDCs are embedded in an optical microcavity, excitons can hybridise with cavity photons to form exciton polaritons, which inherit useful properties from... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Nov. 30


Universal decoding algorithm Researchers at MIT, Boston University, and Maynooth University built a silicon chip that is able to decode any error-correcting code, regardless of its structure, with maximum accuracy, using a universal decoding algorithm called Guessing Random Additive Noise Decoding (GRAND). Encoded data traveling over a network is susceptible to noise, which disrupts the sig... » read more

Manufacturing Bits: Aug. 17


Scaling qubits Australia is a hotbed of R&D activity, especially in the field of quantum computing. For example, the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Australia has demonstrated a possible way to control millions of qubits in a silicon quantum chip. Researchers from UNSW Sydney have devised a new three-dimensional dielectric resonator, a technology that could deliver controlled... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: June 1


Stronger PUFs Researchers from Ohio State University and Potomac Research propose a new version of physical unclonable functions, or PUFs, that could be used to create secure ID cards, to track goods in supply chains, and as part of authentication applications. "There's a wealth of information in even the smallest differences found on computers chips that we can exploit to create PUFs," sai... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: July 14


5G switches Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin and University of Lille built a new radio frequency switch that could save power in 5G devices when not actively jumping between different networks and spectrum frequencies. “It has become clear that the existing switches consume significant amounts of power, and that power consumed is useless power,” said Deji Akinwande, a ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Nov. 19


Quantum communications chip Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Australian National University, A∗STAR, University of Science and Technology of China, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Sun Yat-sen University, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, and National University of Singapore built an integrated silicon photonic chip capable of performing quantu... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Aug. 5


Biofuels from microorganisms Researchers at Uppsala University are working on adapting microorganisms to be capable of producing useful biofuels out of carbon dioxide and solar energy. The team is focused on a series of modified cyanobacteria that produces the alcohol butanol, said Pia Lindberg, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Chemistry Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University. "When ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Oct. 16


On-chip modulator Researchers at Harvard SEAS and Nokia Bell Labs boosted shrunk down an important component of optoelectronics with an on-chip modulator that is 100 times smaller and 20 times more efficient than current lithium niobite (LN) modulators. Lithium niobate modulators form the basis of modern telecommunications, converting electronic data to optical information in fiber optic ca... » read more

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