Designing Hardware For Security


By Ed Sperling and Kevin Fogarty Cyber criminals are beginning to target weaknesses in hardware to take control of devices, rather than using the hardware as a stepping stone to access to the software. This shift underscores a significant increase in the sophistication of the attackers, as evidenced by the discovery of Spectre and Meltdown by Google Project Zero in 2017 (made public in Ja... » read more

Built-In Security For Auto Chips


The road to autonomous vehicles depends upon components that are secured against hacking and other outside interference. The cybersecurity precautions necessary for self-driving cars must be embedded in chips and systems from the beginning of the supply chain. Automotive manufacturers and their Tier 1 suppliers are counting on their electronics vendors to provide products that can withst... » read more

Where Is Energy Harvesting?


With power management a top priority in sensor networks, why is energy harvesting—a proven technology with diverse energy sources—conspicuously absent from sensor designs that are the foundation of the Internet of Things? [getkc id="165" kc_name="Energy harvesting"] always has been a promising answer to the limits of battery power. The idea that a device can run for much longer periods o... » read more

Creating Software Separation For Mixed Criticality Systems


The continued evolution of powerful embedded processors is enabling more functionality to be consolidated into single heterogeneous multicore devices. Mixed criticality designs, those designs which contain both safety-critical and non-safety critical processes, can successfully leverage these devices and meet the regulatory requirements for IEC safety standards and the highest level of ISO. Thi... » read more

Chipmakers Look To New Materials


Graphene, the wonder material rediscovered in 2004, and a host of other two-dimensional materials are gaining ground in manufacturing semiconductors as silicon’s usefulness begins to fade. And while there are a number of compounds in use already, such as gallium arsenide, gallium nitride, and silicon carbide, those materials generally are being confined to specific niche applications. Tran... » read more

Security Issues Up With Heterogeneity


The race toward heterogeneous designs is raising new security concerns across the semiconductor supply chain. There is more IP to track, more potential for unexpected interactions, and many more ways to steal data or IP. Security is a difficult problem no matter what kind of chip is involved, and it has been getting worse as more devices, machines and systems are connected to the Internet. B... » read more