The Physics Of Ports And Associated Ground For EM Simulators Serving RF Designs

The use of ports in electromagnetic (EM) simulators has evolved and matured over the years to make real-world design simulations practical. Having a foundational understanding of ports provides an intuitive skill in their proper selection and use in conjunction with circuit simulation. In this white paper, we examine ports common to EM simulators, which are the most common simulators for microw... » read more

Making IC Test Faster And More Accessible: Part 1

The fundamental challenges of IC test have been the same for a long time. At the heart of all test strategies is controllability and observability. First, control the state of the chip with known test vectors and then observe the chip to determine if it exhibits good or faulty behavior. There have been many innovations over the years to make the required testing of chips more tractable. Thanks ... » read more