Graphene Nanoribbon Transistors Using Hydrocarbon Seeds (University of Wisconsin-Madison)


New research paper titled “Graphene nanoribbons initiated from molecularly derived seeds” from researchers at University of Wisconsin-Madison with contributions from Argonne National Laboratory.

“Semiconducting graphene nanoribbons are promising materials for nanoelectronics but are held back by synthesis challenges. Here we report that molecular-scale carbon seeds can be exploited to initiate the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) synthesis of graphene to generate one-dimensional graphene nanoribbons narrower than 5 nm when coupled with growth phenomena that selectively extend seeds along a single direction. This concept is demonstrated by subliming graphene-like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules onto a Ge(001) catalyst surface and then anisotropically evolving size-controlled nanoribbons from the seeds along ⟨110⟩ of Ge(001) via CH4 CVD. Armchair nanoribbons with mean normalized standard deviation as small as 11% (3 times smaller than nanoribbons nucleated without seeds), aspect ratio as large as 30, and width as narrow as 2.6 nm (tunable via CH4 exposure time) are realized. Two populations of nanoribbons are compared in field-effect transistors (FETs), with off-current differing by 150 times because of the nanoribbons’ different widths.”

Find the open access technical paper here. Published May 2022.

Way, A.J., Jacobberger, R.M., Guisinger, N.P. et al. Graphene nanoribbons initiated from molecularly derived seeds. Nat Commun 13, 2992 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30563-6.

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