How To Stop Row Hammer Attacks


Row hammer is a well-publicized target for cyberattacks on DRAM, and there have been attempts to stop these attacks in DDR4 and DDR5, but with mixed results. The problem is that as density increases, distance decreases, making it more likely that flipped bit cell in one row can disturb a bit cell in another, and that bits flipped across an entire row can flip another row. Steven Woo, fellow and... » read more

Package Propagation Delay Dependency Of Advanced Fly-By Routing For Next Generation DDR5


Package signal transit delay is an important parameter for high-speed designs like DDR5. Package delay along with PCB delay dictates the data rates of DDR5 interface running at 4.0 Gbps and beyond. From DDR3 (third generation DDR) onwards, daisy chain routing has been widely used as it can support high data rate operations by providing smaller trace stubs and capacitive loadings. Even so, beyon... » read more

A Novel Approach To Mitigating RowHammer Attacks And Improving Server Memory System Reliability


A technical paper titled “RAMPART: RowHammer Mitigation and Repair for Server Memory Systems” was published by researchers at Rambus. Abstract: "RowHammer attacks are a growing security and reliability concern for DRAMs and computer systems as they can induce many bit errors that overwhelm error detection and correction capabilities. System-level solutions are needed as process technology... » read more

Closing The Performance Gap Between DRAM And AI Processors


As the workhorse of semiconductor memory, DRAM holds a unique place in the industry thanks to its large storage capacity and ability to feed data and program code to the host processor quickly. Lately, this unsung hero of the circuit board has been taking a backseat to its logic counterparts, as a wave of high-performance FPGAs, CPUs, GPUs, TPUs and custom accelerator ASICs emerges to meet t... » read more

DRAM Simulator For Evaluation of Memory System Design Changes (ETH Zurich)


A technical paper titled “Ramulator 2.0: A Modern, Modular, and Extensible DRAM Simulator” was published by researchers at ETH Zurich. Abstract: "We present Ramulator 2.0, a highly modular and extensible DRAM simulator that enables rapid and agile implementation and evaluation of design changes in the memory controller and DRAM to meet the increasing research effort in improving the perfo... » read more

Power Supply Noise Effects On Jitter In Clock Synchronous Systems With Emphasis On Memory Interfaces


In today's fast-paced digital world, the performance and capacity of high-speed memory has become crucial for a wide range of applications, from personal computing devices to data centers and high-performance computing systems. Designers face challenges in optimizing their designs for speed, power efficiency, and reliability — all while ensuring robustness in the face of power supply noise. T... » read more

Power Supply Noise Effects On Jitter In Clock Synchronous Systems With Emphasis On Memory Interfaces


Power Supply Noise Effects on Jitter in Clock Synchronous Systems with Emphasis on LPDDR5X, DDR5 and HBM3 In today's fast-paced digital world, the performance and capacity of high-speed memory has become crucial for a wide range of applications, from personal computing devices to data centers and high-performance computing systems. Designers face challenges in optimizing their designs ... » read more

DDR5 Memory Enables Next-Generation Computing


Computing main memory transitions may only happen once a decade, but when they do, it is a very exciting time in the industry. When JEDEC announced the publication of the JESD79-5 DDR5 SDRAM standard in 2021, it signaled the beginning of the transition to DDR5 server and client dual-inline memory modules (Server RDIMMs, Client UDIMMs and SODIMMs). We are now firmly on this path of enabling the ... » read more

How Memory Design Optimizes System Performance


Exponential increases in data and demand for improved performance to process that data has spawned a variety of new approaches to processor design and packaging, but it also is driving big changes on the memory side. While the underlying technology still looks very familiar, the real shift is in the way those memories are connected to processing elements and various components within a syste... » read more

DDR Memory Test Challenges From DDR3 to DDR5


Cloud, networking, enterprise, high-performance computing, big data, and artificial intelligence are propelling the development of double data rate (DDR) memory chip technology. Demand for lower power requirements, higher density for more memory storage, and faster transfer speeds are constant. Servers drive the demand for next-generation DDR. Consumers benefit when existing and legacy generati... » read more

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