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Efficient Ohmic contacts and built-in atomic sublayer protection in MoSi2N4 and WSi2N4 monolayers


Abstract "Metal contacts to two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors are often plagued by the strong Fermi level pinning (FLP) effect which reduces the tunability of the Schottky barrier height (SBH) and degrades the performance of 2D semiconductor devices. Here, we show that MoSi2N4 and WSi2N4 monolayers—an emerging 2D semiconductor family with exceptional physical properties—exhibit stron... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Dec. 6


Tunable 2D semiconductors Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), Hengyang Normal University, Nanjing University, National University of Singapore, and Zhejiang University identified a family of 2D semiconductors that could have lower resistance and enable further scaling. “Due to the quantum tunnelling effect, shrinking a silicon-based transistor too sm... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Nov. 24


Flexible, low power phase-change memory Engineers at Stanford University created a flexible phase-change memory. The non-volatile phase-change memory device is made up of germanium, antimony, and tellurium (GST) between two metal electrodes. 1s and 0s represent measurements of electrical resistance in the GST material. “A typical phase-change memory device can store two states of resis... » read more

Manufacturing Bits: Oct. 27


Single-molecule switches A group of researchers have demonstrated a single-molecule switch or electret, a technology that could one day enable a new class of non-volatile memory storage devices. Yale University, Nanjing University, Renmin University, Xiamen University, and the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have demonstrated a single-molecule electret with functional memory. Still in ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: June 30


Up-converting lasers Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania developed a filter chip that can convert the output from low-cost lasers to have the same frequency noise as big, expensive lasers, making them suitable for applications such as LiDAR. The noise in a laser's frequency is an important indicator of quality. Low-quality, noisy lasers have more random variations, making them use... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: May 23


Biosupercapacitor Researchers from UCLA and the University of Connecticut designed a biological supercapacitor, a new biofriendly energy storage system which operates using ions from fluids in the human body. The device is harmless to the body's biological systems, say the researchers, and could lead to longer-lasting cardiac pacemakers and other implantable medical devices. The supercapa... » read more