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Research Bits: April 19


Processor power prediction Researchers from Duke University, Arm Research, and Texas A&M University developed an AI method for predicting the power consumption of a processor, returning results more than a trillion times per second while consuming very little power itself. “This is an intensively studied problem that has traditionally relied on extra circuitry to address,” said Zhiy... » read more

An adaptive synaptic array using Fowler–Nordheim dynamic analog memory


Abstract "In this paper we present an adaptive synaptic array that can be used to improve the energy-efficiency of training machine learning (ML) systems. The synaptic array comprises of an ensemble of analog memory elements, each of which is a micro-scale dynamical system in its own right, storing information in its temporal state trajectory. The state trajectories are then modulated by a sys... » read more

Quantifying Rowhammer Vulnerability for DRAM Security


Abstract: "Rowhammer is a memory-based attack that leverages capacitive-coupling to induce faults in modern dynamic random-access memory (DRAM). Over the last decade, a significant number of Rowhammer attacks have been presented to reveal that it is a severe security issue capable of causing privilege escalations, launching distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, and even runtime attack ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Feb. 15


3D printed piezoelectrics Researchers at University of Notre Dame and Purdue University developed a hybrid 3D printer that combines multi-material aerosol jet printing and extrusion printing, integrating both functional and structural materials into a single printing platform. They used it to create an all-printed piezoelectric wearable device. The stretchable piezoelectric sensors conform ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Nov. 3


Wirelessly charging multiple devices Researchers from ITMO University developed a metamaterial that can be used to turn surfaces into wireless charging areas for multiple devices from different manufacturers with different power transfer standards. "There are various wireless power transfer standards with different frequencies, so you can't just use a charger by any manufacturer," said Poli... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Oct. 6


Waste plastic supercapacitor Researchers from the University of California Riverside found a way to recycle waste plastic into energy storage devices. The work focused on polyethylene terephthalate plastic waste, or PET, which is found in soda bottles and many other consumer products. The researchers first dissolved pieces of PET plastic bottles in a solvent. Using electrospinning, they fab... » read more

Manufacturing Bits: Sept. 15


World’s largest camera The Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has taken a step towards the development of the world’s largest digital camera. Target for astronomy applications, SLAC has developed a large 3,200-megapixel sensor array and has taken its first photos with the system. The sensor array will be integrated into the world’s largest digital camera, wh... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: March 31


Tellurium transistors Researchers from Purdue University, Washington University in St Louis, University of Texas at Dallas, and Michigan Technological University propose the rare earth element tellurium as a potential material for ultra-small transistors. Encapsulated in a nanotube made of boron nitride, tellurium helps build a field-effect transistor with a diameter of two nanometers. ... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Nov. 25


Rigid or flexible in one device Researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) in Daejeon, University of Colorado Boulder, Washington University in St. Louis, Cornell University, and Georgia Institute of Technology proposed a system that would allow electronics to transform from stiff devices to flexib... » read more

Power/Performance Bits: Aug. 5


Biofuels from microorganisms Researchers at Uppsala University are working on adapting microorganisms to be capable of producing useful biofuels out of carbon dioxide and solar energy. The team is focused on a series of modified cyanobacteria that produces the alcohol butanol, said Pia Lindberg, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Chemistry Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University. "When ... » read more

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