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Analytical Energy Model Parametrized by Workload, Clock Frequency and Number of Active Cores for Share-Memory High-Performance Computing Applications

Researchers present an energy model based on the operating frequency and the number of cores for a shared memory system. This model serves as a reference for DVFS and DPM optimization problems.

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New academic paper from University of Mons (Belgium) and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil).

Abstract
“Energy consumption is crucial in high-performance computing (HPC), especially to enable the next exascale generation. Hence, modern systems implement various hardware and software features for power management. Nonetheless, due to numerous different implementations, we can always push the limits of software to achieve the most efficient use of our hardware. To be energy efficient, the software relies on dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS), as well as dynamic power management (DPM). Yet, none have privileged information on the hardware architecture and application behavior, which may lead to energy-inefficient software operation. This study proposes analytical modeling for architecture and application behavior that can be used to estimate energy-optimal software configurations and provide knowledgeable hints to improve DVFS and DPM techniques for single-node HPC applications. Additionally, model parameters, such as the level of parallelism and dynamic power, provide insights into how the modeled application consumes energy, which can be helpful for energy-efficient software development and operation. This novel analytical model takes the number of active cores, the operating frequencies, and the input size as inputs to provide energy consumption estimation. We present the modeling of 13 parallel applications employed to determine energy-optimal configurations for several different input sizes. The results show that up to 70% of energy could be saved in the best scenario compared to the default Linux choice and 14% on average. We also compare the proposed model with standard machine-learning modeling concerning training overhead and accuracy. The results show that our approach generates about 10 times less energy overhead for the same level of accuracy.”

Find the open access technical paper here. Published February 2022.

Silva, V.R.G.d.; Valderrama, C.; Manneback, P.; Xavier-de-Souza, S. Analytical Energy Model Parametrized by Workload, Clock Frequency and Number of Active Cores for Share-Memory High-Performance Computing Applications. Energies 2022, 15, 1213. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15031213.

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