Highly Stacked Nanowire FETs To Enhance Drive Current And Transistor Density


A technical paper titled “Fabrication and performance of highly stacked GeSi nanowire field effect transistors” was published by researchers at National Taiwan University.


“Horizontal gate-all-around field effect transistors (GAAFETs) are used to replace FinFETs due to their good electrostatics and short channel control. Highly stacked nanowire channels are widely believed to enhance drive current of these devices and improve overall transistor density due to their small footprint. Here we demonstrate the fabrication and characterization of nanowire FETs with stacked 16 Ge0.95Si0.05 nanowires and stacked 12 Ge0.95Si0.05 nanowires without parasitic channels. The device has the high on current (ION) of 190 μA per stack (9400 μA/μm per channel footprint) at overdrive voltage (VOV) = drain-source voltage (VDS) = 0.5 V and the high maximum transconductance (Gm,max) of 490μS (24000μS/μm) at VDS = 0.5 V among reported Si/Ge/GeSi 3D nFETs. Note that the transistor performance can be evaluated by the delay, which is depicted as CV/I. If the transistor ION is improved, the delay of standard cell can be reduced, leading to faster operation of the circuit. The subthreshold slope reduction and ION/IOFF improvement are achieved by the parasitic channel removal. In technology computer aided design (TCAD) simulation, the wrap around contacts are useful to reduce the current difference between the channels. With the proper design of transistor height, the gate delay can be also improved.”

Find the technical paper here. Published November 2023.

Chen, YR., Liu, YC., Lin, HC. et al. Fabrication and performance of highly stacked GeSi nanowire field effect transistors. Commun Eng 2, 77 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s44172-023-00126-8

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