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Interfacial ferroelectricity in marginally twisted 2D semiconductors

Twisted 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) display room-temperature ferroelectricity.

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Abstract
“Twisted heterostructures of two-dimensional crystals offer almost unlimited scope for the design of new metamaterials. Here we demonstrate a room temperature ferroelectric semiconductor that is assembled using mono- or few-layer MoS2. These van der Waals heterostructures feature broken inversion symmetry, which, together with the asymmetry of atomic arrangement at the interface of two 2D crystals, enables ferroelectric domains with alternating out-of-plane polarization arranged into a twist-controlled network. The last can be moved by applying out-of-plane electrical fields, as visualized in situ using channelling contrast electron microscopy. The observed interfacial charge transfer, movement of domain walls and their bending rigidity agree well with theoretical calculations. Furthermore, we demonstrate proof-of-principle field-effect transistors, where the channel resistance exhibits a pronounced hysteresis governed by pinning of ferroelectric domain walls. Our results show a potential avenue towards room temperature electronic and optoelectronic semiconductor devices with built-in ferroelectric memory functions.”

Find the open access technical paper link here. Published Feb 2022.

Weston, A., Castanon, E.G., Enaldiev, V. et al. Interfacial ferroelectricity in marginally twisted 2D semiconductors. Nat. Nanotechnol. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41565-022-01072-w



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