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Heterogeneous Integration: Correcting Overlay Errors On Advanced Integrated Circuit Substrates (AICS)


By John Chang, with Corey Shay, James Webb, and Timothy Chang For high-performance computing, artificial intelligence, and data centers, the path ahead is certain, but with it comes a change in substrate format and processing requirements. Instead of relying on the quest for the next technology node to bring about future device performance gains, manufacturers are charting a future based inc... » read more

Heterogeneous Integration: Exposing Large Panels With Fewer Shots


By John Chang, with Corey Shay, James Webb, and Timothy Chang The More than Moore era is upon us, as manufacturers increasingly turn to back-end advances to meet the next-generation device performance gains of today and tomorrow. In the advanced packaging space, heterogeneous integration is one tool helping accomplish these gains by combining multiple silicon nodes and designs inside one pac... » read more

How Overlay Keeps Pace With EUV Patterning


Overlay metrology tools improve accuracy while delivering acceptable throughput, addressing competing requirements in increasingly complex devices. In a race that never ends, on-product overlay tolerances for leading-edge devices are shrinking rapidly. They are in the single-digit nanometer range for the 3nm generation (22nm metal pitch) devices. New overlay targets, machine learning, and im... » read more

New Method For BEOL Overlay And Process Margin Characterization


This paper presents a new method, design for inspection (DFI) to characterize overlay. Using design-assisted voltage contrast measurement, the method enables in-line test and monitoring of process induced OVL and CD variation of backend-of line (BEOL) features with litho-etch-lithoetch (LELE) patterning. While only some of the features of multi-color patterning scheme are chosen to be aligned d... » read more

Imaging Of Overlay And Alignment Markers Under Opaque Layers Using Picosecond Laser Acoustic Measurements


Optically opaque materials present a series of challenges for alignment and overlay in the semi-damascene process flow or after the processing of the magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) of a Magnetic Random-Access Memory (MRAM). The overlay and alignment of a lithographically defined pattern on top of the pattern and the underlying layer is fundamental to device operation in all multi-layer patterne... » read more

Extremely Large Exposure Field w/Fine Resolution Lithography Tech To Enable Next-Gen Panel Level Advanced Packaging


Abstract—"The growing demand for heterogeneous integration is driven by the 5G market that includes smartphones, data centers, servers, HPC, AI and IoT applications. Next-generation packaging technologies require tighter overlay to accommodate a larger package size with finer pitch chip interconnects on large format flexible panels. Heterogeneous integration enables next-generation device per... » read more

Adaptive Shot Technology To Address Severe Lithography Challenges For Advanced FOPLP


Fan-out wafer level packaging (FOWLP) is a popular new packaging technology that allows the user to increase I/O in a smaller IC size than fan-in wafer level packaging. Market drivers such as 5G, IoT, mobile and AI will all use this technology. According to Yole Développement’s analysis, the fan-out packaging market size will increase to $3 billion in 2022 from $2.44 hundred million in 2014,... » read more

Curvilinear Full-Chip ILT


Leo Pang, chief product officer and executive vice president at D2S, talks about the speed improvements with full-chip inverse lithography technology, why it is so critical in stitching together large chips, and how this approach differs from traditional litho approaches. » read more

Intra-Field Stress Impact on Global Wafer Deformation


One of the contributors to layer-to-layer overlay in today’s chip manufacturing process is wafer distortion due to thin film deposition. Mismatch in the film specific material parameters (e.g., thermal expansion coefficients) may result in process-induced warpage of the wafers at room temperature. When these warped wafers are loaded onto the scanner for the next layer exposure, in-plane disto... » read more

Yield Impact For Wafer Shape Misregistration-Based Binning For Overlay APC Diagnostic Enhancement


By David Jayez, Kevin Jock, Yue Zhou and Venugopal Govindarajulu of GlobalFoundries, and Zhen Zhang, Fatima Anis, Felipe Tijiwa-Birk and Shivam Agarwal of KLA. 1. ABSTRACT The importance of traditionally acceptable sources of variation has started to become more critical as semiconductor technologies continue to push into smaller technology nodes. New metrology techniques are needed to pur... » read more

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