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UT Dallas: Electronic, Thermodynamic & Dielectric Properties of Two Novel vdW Materials

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New technical paper titled “A First-Principles Study on the Electronic, Thermodynamic and Dielectric Properties of Monolayer Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2,” from University of Texas at Dallas. With funding support from National Science Foundation and U.S. Department of Defense,  Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

Abstract
“We perform first-principles calculations to explore the electronic, thermodynamic and dielectric properties of two-dimensional (2D) layered, alkaline-earth hydroxides Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2. We calculate the lattice parameters, exfoliation energies and phonon spectra of monolayers and also investigate the thermal properties of these monolayers, such as the Helmholtz free energy, heat capacity at constant volume and entropy as a function of temperature. We employ Density Functional Perturbation Theory (DFPT) to calculate the in-plane and out-of-plane static dielectric constant of the bulk and monolayer samples. We compute the bandgap and electron affinity values using the HSE06 functional and estimate the leakage current density of transistors with monolayer Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2 as dielectrics when combined with HfS2 and WS2, respectively. Our results show that bilayer Mg(OH)2 (EOT∼0.60 nm) with a lower solubility in water offers higher out-of-plane dielectric constants and lower leakage currents than does bilayer Ca(OH)2 (EOT∼0.56 nm). Additionally, the out-of-plane dielectric constant, leakage current and EOT of Mg(OH)2 outperform bilayer h-BN. We verify the applicability of Anderson’s rule and conclude that bilayers of Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2, respectively, paired with lattice-matched monolayer HfS2 and WS2, are effective structural combinations that could lead to the development of innovative multi-functional Field Effect Transistors (FETs).”

Find the open access technical paper here. Published May 2022.

Rostami Osanloo, M.; Oyekan, K.A.; Vandenberghe, W.G. A First-Principles Study on the Electronic, Thermodynamic and Dielectric Properties of Monolayer Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 1774. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12101774

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