Manycore-FPGA Architecture Employing Novel Duet Adapters To Integrate eFPGAs in a Scalable, Non-Intrusive, Cache-Coherent Manner (Princeton)


A technical paper titled “Duet: Creating Harmony between Processors and Embedded FPGAs” was written by researchers at Princeton University.

“The demise of Moore’s Law has led to the rise of hardware acceleration. However, the focus on accelerating stable algorithms in their entirety neglects the abundant fine-grained acceleration opportunities available in broader domains and squanders host processors’ compute power. This paper presents Duet, a scalable, manycore-FPGA architecture that promotes embedded FPGAs (eFPGA) to be equal peers with processors through non-intrusive, bi-directionally cache-coherent integration. In contrast to existing CPU-FPGA hybrid systems in which the processors play a supportive role, Duet unleashes the full potential of both the processors and the eFPGAs with two classes of post-fabrication enhancements: fine-grained acceleration, which partitions an application into small tasks and offloads the frequently-invoked, compute-intensive ones onto various small accelerators, leveraging the processors to handle dynamic control flow and less accelerable tasks; hardware augmentation, which employs eFPGA-emulated hardware widgets to improve processor efficiency or mitigate software overheads in certain execution models. An RTL-level implementation of Duet is developed to evaluate the architecture with high fidelity. Experiments using synthetic benchmarks show that Duet can reduce the processor-accelerator communication latency by up to 82% and increase the bandwidth by up to 9.5x. The RTL implementation is further evaluated with seven application benchmarks, achieving 1.5-24.9x speedup.”

Find the technical paper here. Github material can be found here.

Li, Ang, August Ning, and David Wentzlaff. “Duet: Creating Harmony between Processors and Embedded FPGAs.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2301.02785 (2023).

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