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Pinpointing the Dominant Component of Contact Resistance to Atomically Thin Semiconductors

Shortcomings of the classical contact resistance model in describing contacts to 2D materials, and offer a correction based on the addition of a lateral pseudo-junction resistance component (Rjun)).

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Abstract
“Achieving good electrical contacts is one of the major challenges in realizing devices based on atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors. Several studies have examined this hurdle, but a universal understanding of the contact resistance and an underlying approach to its reduction are currently lacking. In this work we expose the shortcomings of the classical contact resistance model in describing contacts to 2D materials, and offer a correction based on the addition of a lateral pseudo-junction resistance component (Rjun). We use a combination of unique contact resistance measurements to experimentally characterize Rjun) for Ni contacts to monolayer MoS2. We find that Rjun is the dominating component of the contact resistance in undoped 2D devices and show that it is responsible for most of the back-gate bias and temperature dependence. Our corrected model and experimental results help understand the underlying physics of state-of-the-art contact engineering approaches in the context of minimizing Rjun.”

Find the technical paper here. 2021.

Ber, Emanuel & Grady, Ryan & Pop, Eric & Yalon, Eilam. (2021). Pinpointing the Dominant Component of Contact Resistance to Atomically Thin Semiconductors.

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