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Finding the Scope of CXL-Enabled Tiered Memory System in Production

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This new technical paper titled “TPP: Transparent Page Placement for CXL-Enabled Tiered Memory” is presented by researchers at University of Michigan and Meta Inc.

Abstract (partial)

“We propose a novel OS-level application-transparent page placement mechanism (TPP) for efficient memory management. TPP employs a lightweight mechanism to identify and place hot and cold pages to appropriate memory tiers. It enables page allocation to work independently from page reclamation logic that is, otherwise, tightly coupled in today’s Linux kernel. As a result, the local memory tier has memory headroom for new allocations. At the same time, TPP can promptly promote performance-critical hot pages trapped in the slow memory tiers to the fast tier node. Both promotion and demotion mechanisms work transparently without any prior knowledge of an application’s memory access behavior. We evaluate TPP with diverse workloads that consume significant portions of DRAM on Meta’s server fleet and are sensitive to memory subsystem performance. TPP’s efficient page placement improves Linux’s performance by up to 18%. TPP outperforms NUMA balancing and AutoTiering, state-of-the-art solutions for tiered memory, by 10-17%.”

Find the technical paper here. Published June 2022.

Authors: Hasan Al Maruf, Hao Wang, Abhishek Dhanotia, Johannes Weiner, Niket Agarwal, Pallab Bhattacharya, Chris Petersen, Mosharaf Chowdhury, Shobhit Kanaujia, Prakash Chauhan. arXiv:2206.02878v1.

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