HDMI 2.1 For A More Immersive Viewing Experience


With the advent of richer television and gaming content, consumers’ expectations have gone from ultra-high-resolution 4K displays to 10K with finer image details, more color gamut, and higher bandwidth. To deliver premium content to digital televisions and trending HDMI-based mobile devices, the HDMI Forum recently announced the HDMI specification, version 2.1. The re-architected HDMI 2.1 off... » read more

32GT/s PCI Express Design Considerations


Today’s networking and rapidly emerging artificial intelligence (AI) applications are requiring more bandwidth in accelerators and GPUs, as well as faster interconnects to transmit and receive greater amounts of data. Towards the middle of 2017 the PCI-SIG industry consortium announced its latest specification, PCIe 5.0, which raised the data rate from 16GT/s to 32GT/s and doubled the link... » read more

Embedded Display IP Solution For 4K Resolutions


By Licinio Sousa, Synopsys, and Vassilis Androutsopoulos, Arm To meet consumers’ demands for high-resolution content and visual quality, high-end smartphones are moving from wide quad HD (WQHD) displays to ultra-high-resolution 4K displays. For AR/VR applications, since the display is closer to the eyes and must maintain visual quality, more pixels and high refresh rates are needed. Higher... » read more

Protecting Automotive Systems With A Root Of Trust


As our cars become more connected and autonomous, we depend on them to entertain us, connect seamlessly to our phones (which carry substantial personal information), help keep us in our proper driving lane, and more. We expect that the electronics in the automobile will work as advertised. However, connected cars can have vulnerabilities to direct, over-the-air, or side-channel attacks, which c... » read more

Security For Android-Based Ecosystem With Mobile Storage IP


By Biswanath Tayenjam and Licinio Sousa Users are storing more sensitive data in flash memory on their mobile applications such as digital cameras, smart phones and tablets. Because of this reason, the Joint Electron Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) have developed two storage interface standards using inline encryption to secure data: embedded Multimedia Controller (eMMC) and Universal Fla... » read more

Software Framework Requirements For Embedded Vision


Deep learning techniques such as convolutional neural networks (CNN) have significantly increased the accuracy—and therefore the adoption rate—of embedded vision for embedded systems. Starting with AlexNet’s win in the 2012 ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge (ILSVRC), deep learning has changed the market by drastically reducing the error rates for image classification and d... » read more

Securing High-Value Embedded Targets


Understanding security threats and building solutions to protect against them is a relatively new concept for embedded developers. As an example, many early IoT devices were focused purely on cost. Designers spent very little time architecting robust security solutions. Today, these devices are more involved in users’ daily routines, processing sensitive data such as personal medical informat... » read more

CCIX – What And Why?


There are two significant issues with today’s I/O interconnects: high speed storage and networking applications need more bandwidth than currently available technologies provide, and co-processing/acceleration functions need cache coherency for faster access to memory in heterogeneous multi-processor systems. These requirements are driving the development of a new specification called Cache C... » read more

Enabling UHD Or 4K Resolution Displays Using Data Stream Compression


Displays delivering quad HD or 4K resolutions at faster frame rates and support for RGB formats are becoming prevalent in high-end smartphones, automotive infotainment systems, and mixed reality (AR/VR) devices. For this reason, designers need a protocol that enables visually lossless compression over display interfaces like MIPI Display Serial interface (DSI). The Video Electronics Standard... » read more

Using An Integrated Subsystem To Accelerate Data Fusion In Your SoC


The fusion of sensor data, voice, audio and biometrics is constantly increasing the processing requirements for applications in mobile, automotive and IoT markets. Next-generation digital sensors require higher bandwidths, and more advanced voice detection and speech recognition algorithms are driving the development of progressively more complex embedded ICs. Sensor fusion to data fusion T... » read more

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