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Intelligent Agents for the Optimization of Atomic Layer Deposition


"Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a highly controllable thin film synthesis approach with applications in computing, energy, and separations. The flexibility of ALD means that it can access a massive chemical catalogue; however, this chemical and process diversity results in significant challenges in determining processing parameters that result in stable and uniform film growth with minimal pr... » read more

Many Paths To Hafnium Oxide


Equipment and materials suppliers often talk about the fragmentation of integrated circuit processing. While the number of manufacturers has gone down, the diversity of the underlying semiconductor market has increased. Low-power processors for mobile devices, non-volatile memory for solid state disks, and dedicated graphics processors all have different requirements from the traditional ind... » read more